Substitute Preparedness

Special Education

We cover how to teach and manage special education classes.
a teacher on the floor with students

Video: Special Education

Video Transcript

Module 5: Special Education

In our final teaching module, we'll be covering how to teach and manage special education classes. As a Senya sub, you'll have the chance to teach a variety classes, but these are perhaps the most rewarding. Let's first familiarize you with the school's and Senya's specific teaching laws. The Education For All Handicapped Children Act has been amended to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. IDEA states that each student must an Individualized Education Plan, or IEP, created by a team of teachers, professionals, or the principal along with a student and his or her parents. Teachers will have a copy of each student's IEP that you should familiarize yourself with and follow.

Here are a few tools that will help you effectively instruct and manage the classroom. When you substitute, you'll almost always be paired with another teacher or teacher's aide. Work with these paraprofessionals as their classroom knowledge and support will help you succeed.

Be prepared for any emergencies, such as seizures or other unpredictable events. Use the teacher's notes and teacher aides to prepare and help you.

Do not use food incentives in the classroom unless directed; these could pose serious food allergy risks. Check with the administration or teacher's aide before using any specialized learning equipment or machines.

Tips for Effective Teaching

Keep these tips in mind to help you teach more effectively:

  • One, break large tasks into smaller tasks.
  • Two, speak clearly and directly.
  • Three, give praise for any successes.
  • Four, be sure to pause after giving instructions.
  • Five, getting to know each student and using their names is vital in building a trust-filled classroom.

Finally, keep in mind that special education students, except those with low functionality, are typically integrated in regular classes as well. There are usually aides who accompany them and help them in these circumstances, but not always.

The strategies suggested in this video can be applied to any student who seems to be struggling in a regular classroom, employing these tools as you see fit.

Thank you for your attention and joining us through our modules. We can't wait for the rewarding experience that lies ahead of you.

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